Thursday, October 8, 2015

Nothing has changed since the death of this college adjunct two years ago

“Margaret Mary Vojtko, an adjunct professor of French for 25 years, died underpaid and underappreciated at age 83.

“On Sept. 1, Margaret Mary Vojtko, an adjunct professor who had taught French at Duquesne University for 25 years, passed away at the age of 83. She died as the result of a massive heart attack she suffered two weeks before. As it turned out, [Daniel Kovalik] may have been the last person she talked to.

“On Aug. 16, [Kovalik] received a call from a very upset Margaret Mary. She told [Kovalik] that she was under an incredible amount of stress. She was receiving radiation therapy for the cancer that had just returned to her, she was living nearly homeless because she could not afford the upkeep on her home, which was literally falling in on itself, and now, she explained, she had received another indignity -- a letter from Adult Protective Services telling her that someone had referred her case to them saying that she needed assistance in taking care of herself. The letter said that if she did not meet with the caseworker the following Monday, her case would be turned over to Orphans' Court.

“For a proud professional like Margaret Mary, this was the last straw; she was mortified. She begged [Kovalik] to call Adult Protective Services and tell them to leave her alone, that she could take care of herself and did not need their help. [Kovalik] agreed to. Sadly, a couple of hours later, she was found on her front lawn, unconscious from a heart attack. She never regained consciousness.

“Meanwhile, [Kovalik] called Adult Protective Services right after talking to Margaret Mary, and [Kovalik] explained the situation. [Kovalik] said that she had just been let go from her job as a professor at Duquesne, that she was given no severance or retirement benefits, and that the reason she was having trouble taking care of herself was because she was living in extreme poverty. The caseworker paused and asked with incredulity, ‘She was a professor?’ [Kovalik] said yes. The caseworker was shocked; this was not the usual type of person for whom she was called in to help.

“Of course, what the caseworker didn't understand was that Margaret Mary was an adjunct professor, meaning that, unlike a well-paid tenured professor, Margaret Mary worked on a contract basis from semester to semester, with no job security, no benefits and with a salary of between $3,000 and just over $3,500 per three-credit course. Adjuncts now make up over 50 percent of the faculty at colleges and universities.

“While adjuncts at Duquesne overwhelmingly voted to join the United Steelworkers union a year ago, Duquesne has fought unionization, claiming that it should have a religious exemption. Duquesne has claimed that the unionization of adjuncts like Margaret Mary would somehow interfere with its mission to inculcate Catholic values among its students.

“This would be news to Georgetown University -- one of only two Catholic universities to make U.S. News & World Report's list of top 25 universities -- which just recognized its adjunct professors' union, citing the Catholic Church's social justice teachings, which favor labor unions.

“As amazing as it sounds, Margaret Mary, a 25-year professor, was not making ends meet. Even during the best of times, when she was teaching three classes a semester and two during the summer, she was not even clearing $25,000 a year, and she received absolutely no health care benefits. Compare this with the salary of Duquesne's president, who makes more than $700,000 with full benefits.

“Meanwhile, in the past year, her teaching load had been reduced by the university to one class a semester, which meant she was making well below $10,000 a year. With huge out-of-pocket bills from UPMC Mercy for her cancer treatment, Margaret Mary was left in abject penury. She could no longer keep her electricity on in her home, which became uninhabitable during the winter. She therefore took to working at an Eat'n Park at night and then trying to catch some sleep during the day at her office at Duquesne. When this was discovered by the university, the police were called in to eject her from her office. Still, despite her cancer and her poverty, she never missed a day of class.

“Finally, in the spring, she was let go by the university, which told her she was no longer effective as an instructor -- despite many glowing evaluations from students. She came to [Kovalik] to seek legal help to try to save her job. She said that all she wanted was money to pay her medical bills because Duquesne, which never paid her much to begin with, gave her nothing on her way out the door.

“Duquesne knew all about Margaret Mary's plight, for [Kovalik] apprised them of it in two letters. [Kovalik] never received a reply, and Margaret Mary was forced to die saddened, penniless and on the verge of being turned over to Orphan's Court.

“The funeral Mass for Margaret Mary, a devout Catholic, was held at Epiphany Church, only a few blocks from Duquesne. The priest who said Mass was from the University of Dayton, another Catholic university and my alma mater. Margaret Mary was laid out in a simple, cardboard casket devoid of any handles for pallbearers -- a sad sight, but an honest symbol of what she had been reduced to by her ostensibly Catholic employer.

“Her nephew, who had contacted [Kovalik] about her passing, implored [Kovalik] to make sure that she didn't die in vain. He said that while there was nothing that could be done for Margaret Mary, we had to help the other adjuncts at Duquesne and other universities who were being treated just as she was, and who could end up just like she did. [Kovalik] believes that writing this story is the first step in doing just that.”

This article was written by Daniel Kovalik, a senior associate general counsel of the United Steelworkers union.


“The wages paid for an adjunct position are exploitatively low. Each course should allow a person to have a living wage. The school makes so much money off of us, we only get a fraction of that.” In the survey, “62 percent of adjuncts say they make less than $20,000 a year from teaching… 81 percent make less than $30,000 a year.”


“...To Duquesne officials, Margaret Mary was ‘just an adjunct.’ But to adjuncts everywhere, she's become an emblem -- both of their plight and of their fight for labor rights.

“In a case of beautiful irony, one of their strongest campaigns is taking place at Duquesne. Adjuncts there have already voted to join the Steelworkers union, but the domineering masters of this Catholic school are resorting to devious, legalistic ploys to deny simple justice for their faculty. Bizarrely, they've even demanded a religious exemption from our labor laws, claiming that unionization would interfere with their teaching of Catholic values!

“USW's president, Leo Gerard, promptly filed an appeal to that claim. Not to the labor department or the courts, but to the Pope! And to make his case that Pope Francis should speak out on this issue of social justice, Gerard pointed to the recent lament by the Pontiff himself about today's ‘throwaway culture.’ Then he told Francis the story of Margaret Mary Vojtko...”

For other articles about college adjuncts/social injustice, click on the “college adjuncts” tab under the masthead or “Taxonomies” in the right column of this blog.


  1. University and College Adjunct Faculty Remuneration per Course in Illinois:

    Medians compared (2014)
    All Illinois: $2,700
    All 4-year private not-for-profit: $3,000

    Pay is based on three-credit courses.
    A Sample:

    Augustana College: $4,500 per course
    Aurora University: $2,400 - $4,000 per course
    Benedictine University: $2,250 - $2,750 per course
    College of DuPage: $2,440 - $4,880 per course
    Columbia College: $1,400 - $6,360 per course

    DePaul University: $3,000 - $6,000 per course
    Dominican University: $2,300 - $3,200 per course
    Eastern Illinois University: $3,000 - $7,667 per course
    Elgin Community College: $2,118 - $3,360 per course
    Elmhurst College: $3,000 - $3,227 per course

    Illinois Institute of Technology: $3,000 - $9,500 per course
    Illinois State University: $3,500 - $6,400 per course
    Illinois Wesleyan University: $3,000 per course
    Lake Forest College: $6,500 per course
    Lewis University: $2,700 - $3,000 per course

    Loyola University: $4,000 - $12,000 per course
    North Central College: $780 - $2,460 per course
    Northeastern Illinois University: $5,475 per course
    Northern Illinois University: $2,700 - $5,000 per course
    North Park University: $2,680 -$4,800 per course

    Northwestern University: $3,000 - $8,586 per course
    Oakton Community College: $2,000 - $6,000 per course
    Roosevelt University: $2,100 - $4,750 per course
    Southern Illinois University: $3,000 - $6,000 per course
    University of Chicago: $3,500 - $5,000 per course

    University of Illinois at Urbana/Champaign: $2,625 - $8,400 per course
    University of Illinois at Chicago: $4,000 - $8,000 per course
    University of Illinois at Springfield: $5,500 per course
    Waubonsee Community College: $1,875 - $2,100 per course
    Wheaton College: $2,775 - $3,700 per course

    The above information is from The Adjunct Project.

  2. Replies
    1. 17th century political philosopher John Locke once stated: "People are slow to act. It takes not merely one or two but a long series of abuses to lead people to revolution." Most teachers I know are non-confrontational. It will take a very long time and more abuses before teachers unify and act.

    2. "It is so much easier to look away from victims. It is so much easier to avoid such rude interruptions to our [lives]... Not to respond to their plight, not to relieve their solitude by offering them a spark of hope is to exile them from human memory..." (Elie Wiesel).