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Tuesday, June 13, 2017
WTTW Removed My Comment This Morning
Illinois House Members on State Budget Impasse
Alexandra Silets | June 12, 2017 6:02 pm
Illinois’ new fiscal year begins July 1 and lawmakers are set to reconvene in Springfield next week. The state is creeping up on it’s [sic] third year without a budget. But lawmakers did pass about 500 bills during the spring legislative session. The Illinois Senate passed a budget, but the House wouldn’t even bring it to a vote before adjourning May 31. The state owes nearly $15 billion in unpaid bills—and if a budget isn’t passed, the backlog could swell to $24 billion.
The Illinois Senate passed a budget, but the House didn’t even call a budget bill before adjourning. Why? And who is to blame for the impasse?
McSweeney (R): It rests with all of us. We’re destroying the state. We’re below investment grade, gutting social services and universities are losing people. Now in a situation that we’re spending more money than we ever planned or dreamed of. We all share the blame and need to stop pointing fingers and do something.
Martwick (D): Who’s to blame? Simple. The budget has been hijacked by the governor’s office since day one. We offered further cuts and to reinstate the expired taxes. And the governor said not until I get my political agenda. I don’t know how you can pass blame on anybody else. The Senate got the work done. We did procurement reform just like he wanted, he got government consolidation, he wanted to sell the Thompson Center. He got victory after victory after victory. I don’t know how you blame it on anybody else.
Morrison (R): Who’s to blame? Rauner assumed too much when he took office that majority party would be willing to work with him. The Democratic leadership underestimated how committed Rauner was to reforms. So both sides are pretty solidly entrenched.
Sente (D): The campaigning hasn’t stopped. It’s a new world. Everyone is considering what do you say aloud? It’s affecting the ability for us to get together.
What should happen?
McSweeney: The governor needs to call a special session. Stop gap budgets are going to make things worse. We need a real budget.
Martwick: I made the argument to my caucus, I said “let’s vote on it and show the courage to do it.” But there were not enough members to pass a budget. We need 60 votes but the governor already said he’s going to veto the Senate budget. Why vote on it when he says he’s going to veto it? Why keep doing this exercise in futility?
Morrison: If we could go back in time, we should have shut down the government back in 2015. It would have force folks to the table sooner. Lawmaker paychecks should’ve been cutoff in 2015. The schools opened on time because the k-12 budget passed. State employees continued to work and get paid. Generally speaking most IL residents didn’t feel it. Then stop gap spending plan in 2016 passed to provide legal authority to pay bills as moneys came in. We need either massive taxes or an austerity budget. I’m on side of austerity budget. That would mean significant cuts to the k-12 budget, to higher ed, everything state spends money on would have to be cut. Most can’t take the heat of spending cuts. As a result, we go deeper and deeper in debt. Some constituents are willing to pay a little more tax increase if there is pension reform, streamlining government, etc. Almost no one is willing to pay double income taxes which is what we’d have to do to pay the bills.
Sente: I’m in a budget group and we’re looking at spending caps, what is level of responsible cuts, how to pay down unpaid bills. We’re looking at Midwestern neighbors for revenue ideas, and a budget that’s passable with bipartisan support. Gov. Rauner said he needs three things: procurement reform, local government consolidation, criminal justice reform. Those have passed with a good amount of bipartisan support. But then the governor said it wasn’t enough. It is enough for our group. We’re also looking at what else is important to our constituents? So out budget group is looking at six reforms—which would be amazing.
The Senate passed $5.4 billion revenue in the form of tax hikes. But Governor Rauner said he’d veto the Senate’s budget bill. Does the state have to raise taxes to help solve the budget crisis?
McSweeney: That is the Rauner plan. I oppose it. We have done nothing to restore confidence of our government. Current spending is higher than it was under Pat Quinn and we have done nothing to reform pensions. Senate passed pension reform. We need to rework Medicaid. Not just eliminate waste and fraud. The administrative costs are also increasing without a budget. It’s a scandal that universities are being held hostage. K-12 budget increased last year. We don’t have the money. My view is that we live within existing revenue forecast. I can’t support additional review.
Martwick: That is the most unfortunate side of the impasse. There are people who have the courage to tell citizens what’s coming. Everyone knows there’s no way to cut waste and balance budget without a tax increase. Every budget Rauner’s proposed have cuts that do more harm than good and that have hidden tax increases. The truth is the governor has no ability to cut without raising taxes.
Morrison: For sake of state, I hope there is a budget soon. The longer we go, the deeper in debt we get. We are pushing for the cuts and reforms necessary. But it looks like tax increase is inevitable. When it happens, then we will hopefully have the maximum amount of cuts and structural reform to actually move forward as a state. If all we do is massively raise taxes without reform, we will see even more people leave the state. If another 100,000 people leave state, that doesn’t shrink our pension obligations. It just shrinks the number of people who shoulder the burden.
Sente: We owe it to people to pay that $14.8 billion backlog of bills then get the bills paid within a cycle of 30 days, or 14 days or 60 days – whatever we decide. These are real people and businesses and they are going under and being hurt. We cannot pay the backlog and for the current year without revenue. Borrowing is not the way to go or taking it away from local governments.
Some people are saying there won’t be a budget until 2018. Your reaction?
McSweeney: Unacceptable. I don’t want to think about it. We will have $23 billion of unpaid bills by next June 30th. We can’t go on like this. Anybody who does accept that is doing a disservice to state.
Martwick: That would be atrocious. I can’t even imagine. We as a government have for years pushed off our fiscal responsibilities. This accumulation of debts is fiscally irresponsible. We are making it worse for tomorrow. How anybody is willing to do that, I’ll never know.
Morrison: I hope they’re wrong. I don’t have difficulty saying no to cuts and going in front of public employees and saying we have to dramatically change pension plans. I do have colleagues who are queasy saying things like that...
WTTW Removed the Following Comment This Morning:
"I don’t have difficulty saying no to cuts and going in front of public employees and saying we have to dramatically change pension plans. I do have colleagues who are queasy saying things like that” - Rep. Morrison
Politicians, who lack moral sensibility and legal understanding, have no qualms about stealing money from the public pension funds and ignoring the Illinois Supreme Court’s ruling against any form of unconstitutional public pension theft. To repeal the “Pension Protection Clause” is to attack public employees’ and retirees’ rights to a constitutionally-guaranteed compensation. This can never be legally or morally justified, especially when Illinois politicians have stolen money that was supposed to be paid into the public pension plans for decades to avoid raising taxes and for special interests.
The “Pension Protection Clause” is a binding legal commitment and requirement of justice, and that justice demands we keep our covenants with one another: for when legislators swear an oath to uphold the State and U.S. Constitutions, then citizens of Illinois have also acquired the right to expect that they will uphold that pledge. This is a matter of important legal and moral concern for all citizens of Illinois, for all legal claims are validated by a moral framework since the concept of justice is grounded in ethics and morality.
According to Eric M. Madiar, former Parliamentarian to Illinois Senate President John Cullerton in 2015, “…Public Act 980599 [the senate bill that attempted to diminish and impair Article XIII, Section 5 in December 2013] was not a response to an unknown or unforeseeable problem, but rather a response to ‘a crisis for which the General Assembly is largely responsible.’ The Illinois Supreme Court further found that the Act was not the least restrictive means the State could have used to address the problem, but ‘an expedient to break a political stalemate.’
“In addition, the court indicated that the Act was tantamount to a taking of private property because the Act failed to distribute the burdens of pension funding evenly among Illinoisans let alone the State’s contract partners. The court explained that the U.S. Constitution ‘bar[s] Government from forcing some people alone to bear public burdens which, in all fairness and justice, should be borne by the public as a whole.’
“Whether under a Contract Clause or Takings theory, the same arguments that prevailed in the Pension Reform decision against Public Act 980599 would equally apply to the… proposed amendment. As a result, the proposal amendment does not offer a plausible path to unilaterally reduce the fiscal burden of State and local pension obligations…”
Amending the Article XIII, Section 5 of the Illinois Constitution would not reduce the state systems’ current $130+ billion unfunded liability; it would not address the real fiscal issue caused by the state’s pension debt: how to amortize the $130+ billion debt owed to the five state-sponsored retirement systems in a feasible way. It would also take three-fifths of the members elected to each house of the General Assembly.
It is shameful that a few policymakers are willing to renege on a guaranteed constitutional contract when they are the debtors. It is legally and morally wrong to modify public employees’ contractual rights and benefits prospectively and retroactively when there are legal and ethical ways to address the pension debt problem, such as through pension debt reform and revenue restructuring. Legal and moral sense dictates that all members of the Illinois General Assembly must align with the U.S. and State Constitutions and sanction the vested rights of its middle-class public employees.
Read the State and U.S. Constitutions: Article 1, Section 16 of the Illinois Constitution: “No ex post facto law or law impairing the obligation of contracts… shall be passed”; read Article 1, Section 10 of the United States Constitution: “No State shall… pass any… ex post facto Law, or Law impairing the Obligation of Contracts…” To also ignore the Fifth and Fourteenth Amendments of the U.S. Constitution and change laws that protect one group of people is to ignore due process and equal protection of the laws that guarantee contractual agreements.
– Glen Brown